Hướng dẫn sử dụng lệnh FSCK


man fsck
fsck(1M) fsck(1M)
NAME
fsck (generic) – file system consistency check and interactive repair
SYNOPSIS

/usr/sbin/fsck [-F FSType] [-m] [-V] [special …]
/usr/sbin/fsck [-F FSType] [-o FSspecific-options] [-V] [special …]

DESCRIPTION
The fsck command audits and interactively repairs inconsistent
conditions for HP-UX file systems on mass storage device files
identified by special. If the file system is consistent, the number of files on that file system and the number of used and free blocks are reported. If the file system is inconsistent, fsck provides a mechanism to fix these inconsistencies, depending on which form of the fsck command is used.

special represents a special device (e.g., /dev/rdsk/c1d0s8).

Options
fsck recognizes the following options:
-F FStype Specify the file system type on which to operate

(see fstyp(1M) and fs_wrapper(5)). If this option
is not included on the command line, then the file
system type is determined from the file /etc/fstab
by matching special with an entry in that file.
If there is no entry in /etc/fstab, then the file
system type is determined from the file
/etc/default/fs.

-m Perform a sanity check only. fsck will return 0
if the file system is suitable for mounting. If
the file system needs additional checking, the
return code is 32. If the file system is mounted,
the return code is 33. Error codes larger than 33
indicate that the file system is badly damaged.

-o FSspecific-options
Specify options specific to each file system type.
FSspecific-options is a list of suboptions and/or
keyword/attribute pairs intended for a file-
system-specific version of the command. See the
file-system-specific manual entries for a
description of the specific_options supported, if
any.

-V Echo the completed command line, but perform no other action. The command line is generated by incorporating the user-specified options and other information derived from /etc/fstab. This option allows the user to verify the command line.

RETURN VALUES
The following values are returned by the -m option to fsck:
0 Either no errors were detected or all errors were corrected.
32 The file system needs additional checking.

33 The file system is mounted.

Return values greater that 33 indicate that file system is badly
corrupted. File system specific versions of fsck will have their own
additional return values (see fsck_FSType(1M)).

WARNINGS
This command may not be supported for all file system types.

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